As an activity through the Global Innovation Initiative (GII) and Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) Global Farm Platforms Initiative project an International Workshop on ‘Efficient use of crop residues and by-products for sustainable development of China’s ruminant industry’ was held in Nanjing, China on the 27th October 2014. This workshop was organized by Zhejiang University, Nanjing Agricultural University, and China Agricultural University, and held at the 4th International Symposium on Gastrointestinal Microbial Ecology and Functionality organized by Nanjing Agricultural University and co-organized by Zhejiang University between the 27-30 October 2014.
The workshop started with a welcome speech by Dr. Weiyun Zhu, the Director of Lab of Gastrointestinal Microbiology, Nanjing University. Dr. Michael Lee from University of Bristol (UK), on behalf of the GII/WUN project leading institution, gave an introductory review on the project. Dr. Lee introduced the background and goal of the project, and highlighted the strategies to cut the environmental and economic costs of keeping ruminant animals while boosting net gains for the quantity and quality of the food they produce. Following the introduction a speech to the China dairy industry was given by Dr. Liu entitled ‘Dairy industry in China – Challenges & Opportunity’. This was followed by working reports related to use of crop residues in dairy cows, including Health risks for dairy cows under high proportion of concentrate mixture by Dr. Shengyong Mao from Nanjing Agricultural University, Dietary strategies to enhance supply of milk protein precursors in dairy cows fed cereal straws as forage source by Dr. Liu from Zhejiang University, and Milk fat and protein precursors generated in the rumen and their associations with different forage combinations by Dr. Hongjian Yang from China Agricultural University.
More than 50 participants joined in this workshop, including the scientists from University of Bristol, UK (Dr. Michael Lee), University of Alberta, Canada (Dr. Leluo Guan), University of Western Australia (Dr. Shimin Liu), AgResearch of New Zealand (Dr. Leahy Sinead), Zhejiang University, Nanjing Agricultural University, China Agricultural University, Xi’An Jiaotong University, Northwest Polytechnic University, Zhejiang A & F University. Warm discussions were focused on potentials, constraints and strategies on use of feed resources available locally for sustained development of ruminant animals in China as well as in the developing countries. The workshop was closed by a summary from Drs Lee and Liu. The next step is to develop young career scientist’s placements between China and UK/USA partners in the GII project to develop areas of future collaboration and research.